User Acceptance Testing, commonly referred to as UAT, is an important phase of the software development life cycle where end users test the software to determine if it meets business and functional requirements before it goes live. However, manual UAT can be time consuming and resource intensive. Test automation is a technique that uses specialized tools and technologies to execute test cases automatically to validate software functionality and find defects. This article discusses how test automation can help streamline the UAT process.
Automated Regression Testing
One of the key benefits of test automation is the ability to run regression test suites frequently and automatically. During UAT, testers often need to re-run test cases to validate fixes for previously found defects. Manually re-running hundreds or thousands of test cases is tedious and prone to errors. With automated regression testing, the same test cases can be executed with a single click whenever a new build is available. This helps ensure that no defects have been reintroduced and the application continues to work as expected. Automated regression testing saves significant time and effort during UAT.
Many applications have functionality that is data dependent. For example, an e-commerce application may have different flows depending on the type of product or customer credentials. With manual testing, setting up different test data combinations for evaluation is challenging. Automated test scripts can be designed to read test data from external sources like Excel/CSV files rather than having test data hardcoded. This allows the same test to be run multiple times with different input combinations, expanding test coverage. Data-driven tests are especially useful for UAT where testers need to validate different business scenarios.
Cross Browser and Device Testing
Modern applications need to work seamlessly across different browsers and device types. During UAT, testers spend a considerable amount of time manually testing websites and apps on various browsers/operating systems. This process can be automated by using tools that simulate different environments during test execution. Cross-browser tests run in parallel, saving significant testing time. They also help surface defects that may only occur in specific environments. This helps deliver a better user experience across all intended platforms.
Load and Performance Testing
Performance testing is crucial to determine if an application can handle expected user loads and work responsively. However, manually load testing an application is difficult and time-consuming. Automated load tests generate virtual users based on real-world usage patterns to simulate heavy traffic loads. Key performance metrics like response times, throughput, and error rates are captured. This helps identify performance bottlenecks early. Any performance issues uncovered during testing can be addressed before the software goes live, improving the user experience.
Traditional software testing methodologies follow a “big bang” approach where testing is left until late in the development cycle. This often leads to rework as many defects are found late. With test automation, organizations are adopting a “shift left” philosophy where non-functional testing like security, performance are automated and run as part of continuous integration/deployment pipelines. This enables testing early and frequently. Any defects are identified immediately instead of late testing phases like UAT. Bugs can be fixed faster, and better-quality software is delivered to end users. Continuous testing reduces rework and testing timelines.
The automation testing without coding is a powerful technique that can help optimize the UAT process. User Acceptance Testing (UAT) is an important phase of any project where end users validate business requirements are met. However, manual UAT can be time consuming and tedious. Opkey is a no-code test automation platform that helps streamline and accelerate the UAT process. With Opkey, organizations can automate test case execution, reporting, defect management and more. This allows end users to focus on validating critical scenarios rather than spending time on repetitive manual tasks. Opkey ensures a more efficient and effective UAT cycle.