Knee replacement surgery rehabilitates a damaged, worn, or diseased knee joint by restoring its weight-bearing façade. The goal is to alleviate discomfort and regain mobility. The knee replacement procedure is a kind of arthroplasty. Arthroplasty, which translates as “joint repair,” is a surgical procedure that entails reconstructing and replacing deteriorated joints with artificial body parts or prosthetics.
Osteoarthritis of the knee occurs when the knee’s cartilage is damaged or worn. The bones don’t slide over one another; instead, they grind and compress. The patient will have less discomfort and the knee will function normally with prosthesis.
In the following cases, knee replacement surgery may be the best option for you:
- Knee pain or stiffness that makes it difficult to do simple tasks like walking, going up and down stairs, moving in and out of a car, or getting up from a chair.
- Mild yet persistent knee discomfort that persists when sleeping or resting
- Chronic inflammation and edema of the knee that does not improve with medicine or rest
- Knee malformation, in which the inside or outside of the knee has a visible arch
- Depression is characterized by an unwillingness to engage in everyday or social activities.
In the full knee replacement surgery, both sides of the knee joint are replaced during surgery. This is the most often performed operation.
The surgery takes between one and three hours. While the person will have reduced discomfort and more mobility, scar tissue will form, making it more difficult to move and bend the knees.
What can you Expect?
Knee replacement surgery is a surgical technique that replaces the whole or a portion of the knee joint. This is performed by the use of artificial implants in the two knee bones and a plastic spacer. Certain people may be apprehensive about undergoing this sort of surgery. In other situations, patients may even believe that such surgery would be ineffective. There are, however, three advantages to minimally invasive replacement surgery.
Pain relief in the knees
The most prevalent cause of knee joint problems is arthritis, which may result in joint destruction and significant discomfort. Surgeons may perform a knee replacement treatment using minimally invasive procedures, which can help lessen post-operative knee discomfort. This is one of the most significant advantages of knee replacement surgery.
Additionally, a shorter recovery period is an advantage of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery. In previous knee replacement treatments, incisions of 8 to 10 inches were required, and knee muscles and other soft tissue were often damaged during the surgery.
Less soft tissue injury occurs when minimally invasive procedures are used. Additionally, a 4-inch incision is often sufficient for this sort of operation. This implies that your body will have less repair to undertake after surgery, which might dramatically reduce your recovery time.
Increased capacity to carry out everyday tasks
Perhaps the most significant advantage of minimally invasive knee replacement surgery is an increased capacity to do routine everyday duties. After all, the knee is critical for everyday activities such as walking and standing. Additionally, it is necessary for activities like leaping and sprinting.
While the discomfort associated with knee arthritis may have limited your capacity to do so, this may all change after a minimally invasive knee replacement. You may discover that not only can you do routine duties more easily, but that you can also reclaim your independence.
The accuracy and consistency of the surgeon’s hand are improved by the use of a robotic arm. Increased accuracy is achieved during femur cutting, acetabulum reaming, and implant component insertion using this technique. Robotics may help to reduce mistakes by as much as 94 percent, reducing the chance of leg length disparities, dislocations, and other complications associated with conventional replacement surgery.
Keeping a secure zone in place:
The specifications for the 3D model of the Knee are encoded into the robot, which ensures that all surgical cutting and remaining equipment remain inside the safe zone throughout the procedure. This ensures that the angulation and location of the implant components are as close to the required values as is reasonably possible.
Injury to healthy tissue is minimized to the greatest extent possible:
Because of the very exact movements of the robotic arm, surgery may be performed in small spaces and via smaller incisions, resulting in less harm to the surrounding tissues. It will be possible to execute the procedure using the least invasive anterior approach in this way, without having to sever any of the muscles around the Knee.
Enhanced results include:
During a key research study conducted by the Indian Knee Institute, 162 patients who had robot-assisted Knee replacement were followed for two years after the procedure was completed. They profited from robotic Knee surgery and were more than twice as likely as the general population to feel as though their Knee was back to normal.
What is the process for a Knee replacement with robotic assistance?
A CT scan of your knee joint is performed first, which develops a three-dimensional model of your bones. The procedure for Knee replacement is then carried out. The doctor plans your operation using this detailed three-dimensional model, and the technology executes the procedure exactly as the model dictates.
During surgery, the robotic arm follows a pattern that has been preprogrammed. If required, the physician may make changes to the system parameters in real-time, which allows the system to adapt to changing circumstances while the patient is under anesthesia. According to the surgical plan, the arm is limited to a certain place, preventing any deviations during the procedure.
One of the most important components of having a successful partial knee replacement surgery is making sure that the limb of the new knee is the same length as the other leg of the patient. There is evidence to suggest that robotic surgery is 5 times more effective than traditional surgery in matching leg length. The position of the Knee joint is also a significant element in the treatment’s outcome, and robotic operations are almost twice as precise as human ones.
Acromioclavicular osteoarthritis is a prevalent kind of shoulder arthritis. It occurs as a result of the deterioration of the cartilage between the acromion and the collarbone.
Injury, prior dislocations, or rotator cuff injuries may all contribute to an increased risk of AO. However, the illness often develops without a known etiology, particularly in elderly persons.
Although AO is incurable, therapies are available to alleviate symptoms and enhance the overall quality of life. Medication, physical therapy, and surgery are all examples of this. Anyone suffering knee discomfort should see a physician for a diagnosis and to explore their treatment options. Get in touch with the experts at Sparsh Hospital Yeshwanthpur and get rid of your knee-related problems.
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