What is Ethical Hacking? Definition, Basics, Types, and Attacks

What is Ethical Hacking? Definition, Basics, Types, and Attacks
What is Ethical Hacking? Definition, Basics, Types, and Attacks

What is Ethical Hacking: We currently live in a digital age where almost everything is online and connected to the Internet. Keeping everything in digital definitely makes life very easy, but this concept comes with some results. Hacking is one of the biggest shortcomings in relation to computer technology. Ethical hacking or penetration test has surfaced to combat it as a profession. So, answer this question, ‘What is ethical hacking?’

When we look at the news, there are frequent incidents of cyber security threats, data leaks, money theft, digital attacks and cyber espionage. All this is capable to the fact that people with malicious intentions can now orchestrate these activities in the comfort of their homes from behind the computer screen. With widespread access to the Internet around the world, this feature encourages a greater number of hackers to try cyber crimes. Naturally, this phenomenon has led to the increasing demand for skilled ethical hackers and other cyber security professionals.

What is Ethical Hacking?

When we talk about ethical hacking, it is clearly vested that we are talking about hacking which is based on ethical or ethical values, without any ill intentions. Ethical hacking is defined as any form of hacking that is authorized by the owner of the target system. It can also refer to the process of taking active safety measures to protect the system from hackers with malicious intentions.

From a technical point of view, ethical hacking is the process of bypassing or cracking safety measures implemented by a system to detect data violations and potential threats. It is only considered ethical if regional or organizational cyber laws/rules are followed. This job is formally known as the admission test. As the name suggests, this practice involves infiltrating the system and trying to document the stages involved.

To do yoga, an ethical hacker hacks the target system before any harmful hacker. This allows the safety team of the organization to implement a safety patch in the system and end an opening to enter the system for effectively to enter the system or execute hacks.

Now check our ethical hacking course to learn about the concepts included in the domain!

Types of Ethical Hacking

Web app hacking: Web hacking is the process of exploiting software on HTTP by exploiting the visual chrome browser of the hacking software, not stored in the URI by colliding with medaling with URIs, or colliding with HTTP aspects.

System hacking: Hocalist systems achieve access to individual computers on a network through hacking. Password busting, privilege enlargement, malicious software construction, and packet smelling are protective measures that IT protection experts can use to deal with these dangers.

Web Server Hacking: An application software database server that produces web information in real-time. Hence the attackers use glueing, ping deluse, port scan, smelled attacks and social engineering techniques to grab credentials, passcodes and company information from the web application.

Hacking wireless network: Because wireless network uses radio waves to transmit the network, a hacker can easily squeeze the system from a nearby location. To discover the identifier and choli to a wireless network, often using attacker network snorting.

Social Engineering: The art of manipulating the public so that they divide sensitive information, it is known as social engineering. Eugics are used by criminals because it is usually easy to rely on your organic difficult time, to find out how to spoil your device.

Types of Hackers

A hacker is a person who solves a technical problem using computers, networking or even other abilities. Anyone who uses his skills to get access to a system or network in the application to break the law is referred to as a hacker.

There are different types of hackers:

1. White Cat Hackers

On the dark web, these are the right people who come to help us. White hat hackers, also known as Ethical hackers, are cyber security experts who assist the government and businesses by doing penetration tests and identifying security defects. Ethical hackers use a variety of techniques to protect themselves from Black Hat Hackers and other cybercriminals. They break into our system with good intentions to find weaknesses and help you remove viruses and malware.

2. Black Cat Hackers

These days, Black Hat Hackers are the main criminals of cybercrime. Most of the time, the agenda of a black hat hacker is monetary. These hackers seek flaws in individual computers in businesses and banking systems. They can hack in your network and get access to your personal, business and financial information by exploiting any flaws you found.

3. Gray cap hackers

Gray hackers fall between white and black hat hackers. Hackers cannot use their skills for personal benefits, although they can be for both good and bad intentions. For example, a hacker that hacks in an organization and finds some vulnerability, can leak it on the Internet or inform the organization about it. Nevertheless, as soon as hackers use their hacking skills for personal benefits, they become black hat hackers.

Importance of Ethical hacking

Let us understand why ethical hacking or entry tests are such an important area. For this, we need to understand some of the many use cases and some of the types of ethical hacking. Here are a few of them:

  • Testing strength test
  • Domain account and database administration to ensure security settings and privilege levels by testing exploitation
  • Pait test after every software update/upgrade or adding a new safety patch
  • Ensure that data communication channels cannot be intercepted
  • Testing validity of certification protocol
  • Ensuring security facilities in applications, which protect organizational and user databases
  • Defence against refusal of service attacks
  • Network Safety and Anti-Intruzen Facilities Testing

As you can see, the above tasks are important to protect the integrity of a digital lifestyle and work environment. If you do not appoint Ethical hackers to prevent the danger of unethical hackers, then you are installing yourself for the disaster.

Let us take a scenario which is based on real-world matters in the past. If you are running an e-commerce or social media website, you need to create a database for your web application to save your customer account details. These details and data can range from birthdays, addresses, and equality to private multimedia content, privileged messages, payment information, hashed password, etc.

As you may probably find out, any successful attack or exploitation on your website, which is leaked to an attacker or the public, can prove to be a major problem. There will be legal consequences from customers who assigned you to your personal data, which can lead to heavy fines in court. After that, there will be a lack of confidence in the safety of your website, which will reduce traffic significantly. All this will be a big responsibility for your organization.


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