Autism spectrum disorder affects around one in every 160 children, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Autism spectrum disorders are a group of disorders characterized by difficulty with social interaction and communication, irregular patterns of activities and behaviors, such as difficulties transitioning from one activity to another, and unexpected reactions to sensations. According to one study, around three million people in the subcontinent have autism spectrum condition (ASD).
Every year on April 2nd, World Autism Awareness Day (WAAD) allows us to talk about autism, a health issue that is all too frequently ignored. This disorder is typically not diagnosed until much later in life, even though it can be detected as early as childhood.
So, today in daily Pakistan news, we are here to guide and make you learn everything about autism.
Early Symptoms Of Autism
Early signs of autism spectrum disorder in children include decreased eye contact, a lack of responsiveness to their name, and coldness toward caregivers. Some children may develop normally for the first several months or years of their existence but then become cold, violent, or lose their language skills. It is critical to understand that each child with autism spectrum disorder will have a particular pattern of behavior and severity level ranging from mild to severe.
Some children with autism spectrum disorder have learning challenges, while others have IQ markers below average. Other children with the condition have normal to above-average intelligence; they learn quickly but struggle to communicate and apply what they’ve learned in real-world scenarios and adjust to social situations.
What Causes Autism? Is There Any Solution To It?
Autism spectrum disorder has no one cause. Given the disorder’s intricacy and that symptoms and severity vary, many reasons are most alleged. In particular children, this disorder might be connected to hereditary diseases such as Rett syndrome or fragile X syndrome. Other youngsters may be predisposed to autism spectrum disorder due to genetic changes (mutations). Other genes may influence brain growth or cell communication or influence the intensity of symptoms. Some genetic alterations appear to be inherited, while others seem to be spontaneous.
There is no cure for this disorder, although therapies are available. Early detection and intervention are the most effective since they can aid in developing behavior, talents, and language. On the other hand, intervention benefits people of all ages. Children with this disorder can learn to function well even if they do not outgrow their symptoms.
Myths Associated With Autism
One of the primary reasons many parents keep conditions like autism hidden is a lack of knowledge about mental health. Many people are unaware that such illnesses can strike children as young as a few months old. Such people display odd behaviors, and there is an absence of public understanding of the sickness, making society less empathetic and stigmatizing the disorder. These children are subjected to bullying, filthy words, and humiliation as they develop, prompting them to seek refuge in their families.
One of the most widespread misconceptions about autism is its disease. Some people believe that this disorder, like any other sickness, may be treated with medication and that autistic persons are thus “ill.” It is not correct because this is a neurological issue rather than a mental health disorder.
Take care of yourself. Slow down, plan ahead of time, and seek out ways to care for yourself to have enough of yourself to contribute (physically, mentally, and emotionally).
Above all, keep in mind that learning everything about autism and participating in treatments and therapies will go a long way toward helping your child.
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