We’re now 10 years away from meeting the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals, the first of which is to “end poverty in all its manifestations worldwide.” It won’t be easy, but it won’t be impossible.
A few essential remedies to poverty are critical to achieving this goal. The top seven are listed below.
Universal equality and representation
Marginalization – institutional restrictions that leave groups of people without representation in their communities — is one of the critical causes of extreme poverty. All groups must be active in the decision-making process for a town or country to fight its way out of poverty — especially when it comes to having an influence on the factors that define your social standing.
Over 12 million women and girls gained access to education, livelihoods, and health, emergency, and development programs last year.
All other solutions to poverty hinge on ensuring that all disadvantaged populations have a place at the table and are given the tools they need to succeed.
Increasing climate and other resilience…
Poverty is most likely to arise when there is a high amount of marginalization and risk, with risk referring to a person’s or group’s level of susceptibility and the risks they confront. Since declaring independence from France in 1960, the DRC, for example, has been embroiled in violence.
To counteract this, we must ensure that the most vulnerable people and communities can build resilience through preventative education and treatment during an epidemic, recovery and resilience interventions in the face of climate disasters, or health, nutrition, and shelter resources for refugees internally displaced persons.
However, concentrating on climate change is extremely important
Climate change resilience is very significant and needs its section. According to the World Bank, climate change may push an extra 100 million people into severe poverty over the next decade if no immediate action is done.
We can’t stop many current tragedies from hitting the planet, from Cyclone Idai to droughts in the Sahel to floods in Bangladesh. We can, however, help the most vulnerable communities better protect their crops, homes, dear ones, and livelihoods in the event of a disaster. Climate-smart agriculture, for example, preserves essential topsoil, allowing the land to recover from degradation and better adapt to harsh weather.
Expand educational opportunities
According to UNESCO, an estimated 171 million people might escape severe poverty if all pupils in low-income nations had only basic reading skills (nothing else). More than half of all individuals who completed secondary education might help alleviate global poverty. Education improves skills and talents, reduces risk and susceptibility, and corrects some imbalances resulting from marginalization.
Making education more accessible in distant places, supporting teachers in their efforts to provide excellent education, and guaranteeing that education is available to students living in these locations are all part of this effort fragile contexts are just a few of the critical areas of focus for ensuring that education is truly for all.
Increase food security and clean water access
Simply eating three meals a day and obtaining sufficient calories and nutrients will help break the poverty cycle. When a person does not eat enough, they do not have the strength or energy to work. Contaminated water can cause serious health problems.
Furthermore, improving access to clean water can save time for those in rural areas (typically women and girls – see our first point on marginalization and equality). According to current estimates, women and girls spend 200 million hours going considerable distances to gather water every day.
Affordably priced healthcare for everyone goes hand in hand with this answer. It highlights a greater need for governments to provide fundamental social safeguards and services to keep their citizens healthy and inexpensive treatment alternatives when they aren’t.
Abolition of war and conflict
We’ve seen before that: Syria’s poverty rate has raised from about 12% in 2007 to 83 percent in 2019. While data estimates differ, the country’s poverty rate has increased from around 12% in 2007 to 83% in 2019. In contrast, the decade-long civil war in Nepal ended in 2006. Resulting in rapid growth in gross national income (GNI) and gross domestic product (GDP) year over year.
Similarly, the installation of a UN peacekeeping mission in Cambodia in 1992. (after a brutal civil war and conflict with Vietnam). Aided in the country’s stabilization and growth of the middle class. The poverty rate in the country fell from 47.8% in 2007 to 13.5 percent in 2014.
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Make use of cash and microcredit
Buying on credit contributed to Cambodia’s peaceful transition from conflict to peace. (which included the homecoming of over 300,000 Cambodian refugees). While an influx of returnees could put a strain on resources and put the country in financial distress. Microfinancing models introduced into the country helped to establish savings, loans, and insurance. And cash transfer services in communities where they were most needed, allowing people. To buy the tools and services they need to become self-sufficient. Cambodia’s economy increased by 8% per year between 1998 and 2018, and the country’s middle class flourished.
A tiny start-up grant (even as small as $100) might sometimes be enough to enable a family living in poverty. To establish a new company while still paying their expenses and feeding their children. As a result, like Stawa James in Malawi, they can elevate themselves out of poverty long-term.
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