Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are two processes in plants and animals that help produce oxygen and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Both processes use energy from flowing electrons. The main product of photosynthesis is glucose, a type of sugar that is used as energy by plants and animals. For this process to occur, the cells must be exposed to light. The light is required to boost electrons from water to high energy perches on the reduced sugar molecules.
What is Photosynthesis?
Source : Wikipedia
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that, through cellular respiration, can later be released to fuel the organism’s activities
What is cellular respiration?
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert chemical energy from oxygen molecules or nutrients into adenosine triphosphate, and then release waste products.
Similarities Between Photosynthesis And Cellular Respiration
Expert Opinion 1
Photosynthetic organisms use light energy to produce food. Cellular respiration breaks down the energy and produces carbon dioxide. Plants and animals get their energy from ATP, the substance produced during photosynthesis. During cellular synthesis, water is the final electron acceptor. The other two coenzymes are NADP and NAD, which break down the carbon dioxide produced during the process. These two processes both involve ATP, but one is more important than the other.
- The processes in photosynthesis and cellular respiration have similar functions.
- Both systems generate energy.
- They both require carbon dioxide and water. Both processes produce ATP.
- photosynthesis and cellular respiration require the presence of enzymes and membranes to work.
- The processes are essential for maintaining the balance of oxygen in the atmosphere.
- Both processes use light to produce carbohydrates and oxygen.
- Both processes use water and carbon dioxide as waste products
The energy from light is then exchanged with water and carbon dioxide to produce glucose and oxygen. The energy that the plants and animals gain through photosynthesis is needed for their energy exchange. . Ultimately, both processes help in the exchange of energy. However, cellular respiration is more energy-efficient and produces more carbon dioxide.
Expert Opinion 2
As the two processes are similar, the similarities between them are akin to that of electrons. In both processes, the glucose and oxygen combine to form glucose. The energy released by the photosynthesis process is then transferred to the mitochondria, where the energy is converted into ATP. In both processes, the electron flow is reversed and the resulting sugar is formed. The two biochemical reactions are controlled by the same enzymes.
Photosynthesis only occurs under conditions of sunlight, but cellular respiration occurs constantly. It uses ATP as an energy currency and a reduction-oxidation pathway. The main differences between these processes are in the types of compounds that they generate. As a result, they both produce the energy they need. The ATP-based reactions are similar to the ones that take place during cellular reproduction. Therefore, they may be confused.
In cellular respiration, oxygen is converted to glucose in anaerobic cells. In photosynthesis, the carbon dioxide is converted into oxygen, which fuels the mitochondria. During cellular respiration, ATP is converted to glucose, which is used by the cells. The process takes place in the mitochondria. Both processes produce energy and are similar in many ways. They involve multiple complex steps and use many of the same molecules.
Expert Opinion 3
In photosynthesis, a chlorophyll molecule absorbs sunlight and converts it into glucose. The energy from sunlight excites an electron in the chlorophyll a molecule called the chlorophyll a. The chlorophyll a molecule then splits water to give it the necessary energy for the cell to continue growing. The resulting product is glucose. Both processes are vital to the survival of the plant.
In photosynthesis, carbohydrates are converted into glucose, which is used in cellular respiration. In contrast, cellular respiration breaks down water and releases oxygen. Both processes give plants the energy they need to survive. They are essential to life on Earth. This process is a critical part of the carbon cycle and is necessary for all life. It is not only essential to the functioning of plant-life, but it also helps the environment.
In the process of photosynthesis, light energy is converted to glucose, which is used by the cell. This process is known as glycolysis and releases ATP. It is the process that converts light energy into sugar. Both processes release energy and create carbon dioxide. The chemical energy released is converted into ATP and used by the cells. During photosynthesis, the carbon dioxide and water is released into the atmosphere.
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