MEAN vs MERN: Which Stack to Use in 2022

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It doesn’t matter if you are an IT professional in a company or an entrepreneur with plans for web app development. The selection of the right technology stack can be difficult. You might have seen a comparison of the MEAN stack and MERN stack.

Digital transformations are happening every day. Hence, we are seeing new market needs and tech advances daily. In this digital age, an app or website is not enough to grow your business. It is important to be able to choose the right tech stack for your project.

Your future development will also be affected by the choice of the right technology stack. Which one should you choose? Which is better for your company? These questions can be answered by learning the basics of differences, similarities, and perks between these two options.

Let’s start by introducing the MEAN stack as well as the MERN stack!

What is MEAN Stack?

This is a full-stack, highly popular technology stack. MEAN stands respectively for MongoDB Express.js, Angular, and Node.js. This stack is used by programmers to develop mobile and web applications.

MEAN is an open-source, JavaScript-based technology platform. Additionally, this stack contains essential plugins and tools that developers can use to quickly build mobile and web apps.

The benefits of selecting MEAN Stack:

  • It is also less expensive. The MEAN stack technology is open-source, which lowers development costs.
  • MEAN stack allows you to do Isomorphic programming. It allows you to easily transfer code from one framework to another.
  • Angular, a JavaScript-based open-source framework, provides reusability and maintenance, testability, speed, and high speed.
  • It is open-source and cloud-compatible. MongoDB reduces the cost of the circle space by sending cloud functions from the app.
  • MEAN stack makes it easy to switch between client-side and server-side. This allows developers to develop JavaScript quickly and easily. JavaScript is essential for developers to manage the entire project.

What is the MERN Stack?

Another open-source tech stack can be classified as full-stack. MERN stands for MongoDB Express.js, ReactJS and Node.js. It allows you to create hybrid web and mobile apps.

MERN stack was created to facilitate a more efficient development process. It is a collection of JavaScript-based frameworks and databases as well as runtime environments. This tech stack is rapidly becoming more popular and provides developers with an end-to-end framework.

The benefits of selecting MERN Stack:

  • Get amazing community support when you set up.
  • A wide range of tools for testing is included in the package.
  • The React library provides access to powerful tools to build apps. The library is available to developers for free in order to design their web apps.
  • It supports the MVC architecture model view controller (MVC), which allows for smooth development.
  • JavaScript and JSON are required for developers to use this JavaScript stack.
  • This tech stack includes both front-end and back-end development with JavaScript.
  • React code can be used by developers on both servers and browsers. This JS stack allows you to make pages on the server if needed.

MEAN or MERN? Which one is most in demand?

It is important to choose a popular tech stack. This will increase your chances of finding skilled developers if it is known by more developers.

The popularity of React vs. has inspired MEAN vs. MERN stacks to be popular. Although Angular is well-known, React is now the dominant stack.

The 2020 HackerRank developer skills report showed that 32.3% of developers want to learn to React by 2020. This made it extremely popular. Similar numbers were found for Angular at 27.6%. This indicates that React is becoming much more popular than Angular.

The 2019 StackOverflow Designer Survey report supports the same observation about React becoming more popular. This report shows that almost 74% of developers prefer React to develop with. The same percentage is for Angular at 57.6%.

Both Angular and React are highly in demand. However, it will be easier to hire React developers than Angular.

MEAN Stack vs. MERN Stack – A Detailed Comparison:

MEAN stack differs from MERN stack in that it uses Angular and react, respectively. Each stack has its positive and negative aspects.

There are many factors that make each stack different from the other, in addition to the benefits they offer. Let’s get to the point!

Learning Curve:

Node.js and MongoDB are extremely popular, with great documentation. MEAN and MERN has similar learning curves. However, the learning curve for Angular and React will be different.

Typescript and templates are used in the Angular framework. React has a much easier learning curve, but Angular may have a steeper learning curve.

Profitability:

Node.js Express.js and MongoDB are all common to both MERN or MEAN stacks so a profitability comparison between them would reveal the difference between React and Angular.

Angular is a complete framework that provides greater profitability. You would generally use third-party libraries that are part of React to provide lower designer productivity.

Angular has a Command Line Interface (CLI) which increases the productivity of designers. The Angular CLI makes code redesigning easier. React’s code can be updated with the help of external libraries. This makes it more difficult.

Data Flow:

Angular’s data flow is bidirectional. If you modify the UI, it automatically transforms the model state. React’s data flow is unidirectional. React allows you to alter the UI only after you have transformed the model state.

React’s the unidirectional binding of data gives you a better overview and helps with large projects. This makes the MERN stack better suited for large-scale projects.

If you’re working on a small project the bidirectional data binding offered by Angular is a better option. MEAN a stack is a great tool!

Third-Party Support:

Third-party libraries are a great option for building enterprise-level apps. MEAN includes Angular, which has built-in features to support HTTP calls and links to the backend.

ReactJS does have alternative libraries that allow for similar functionality. MEAN allows third-party extensions to be added in a plug-and-play manner, while MERN requires additional configurations.

How to manage and upgrade the code:

The MEAN stack is a great tool for managing and updating your code. Angular is a complete and well-organized framework that can help the MVC architecture.

It is possible to separate the code that is UI-related from the code that is database-related using an intermediate layer. This makes it easier to manage and upgrade your code. Because third-party libraries are present, managing and upgrading React code can be more difficult.

Mobile App Development:

Angular offers the Ionic framework to help you create hybrid mobile apps for app development. Because you only need one codebase for Android and iOS, these applications reduce development costs and mobile app development frameworks. However, hybrid apps can compromise the native user experience.

React Native is an exception in this regard. The MERN stack offers a nearly native user experience, so you will find it a better choice for mobile app development.

Test:

React app testers have a different experience than angular app testers. This will affect your choice between the MEAN stack and the MERN stack. You can easily test an Angular application using only Jasmine.

This is not the case for React apps, which require multiple tools. To test the JS code you will need to use Jest, while Enzyme might be required to test the elements. React may use many third-party libraries. This will make testing your app easy.

Security and Scalability:

MERN stack, as well as MEAN stack, offer the highest level of security. You can pick any of them.

MEAN is less secure than MERN in terms of security:

Large-Scale Apps:-

The MEAN stack is a great option if you’re working on an eCommerce project. It can be used as the foundation of dynamic web apps, and it provides a simplified approach to building prototypes. MEAN stack is a great choice for large-scale app development on full-stack frameworks.

UI Requirements:-

Do you want a simple but sophisticated UI rendering of your app’s interface? For that, choose the MERN stack. It will create a frame for you and display it on your screen instantly, ensuring a seamless user experience.

The Development Team has the expertise and experience to succeed:

Supporting documentation isn’t necessary if your team is very skilled and proficient in web frameworks. This makes it easier to choose the MEAN stack.

You should pay attention to the learning curve if your development team has a low level of experience. The MERN stack is a better option.

MVC Support:-

If you are developing enterprise-level apps, it is important to have a complete architecture. You should choose the MEAN stack and MERN stack.

Selecting this will help you receive the assistance of the Model-View-Controller architecture. If you are able to manage the code easily, you can choose the MEAN stack.

CRUD Apps:-

MERN stack makes it easy to create and update a CRUD app (Create Read, Update, Delete) from the beginning to the end.

React’s usage is fast to manage data changes and offers a great user interface. MERN is the perfect framework for building mobile apps or single-page apps.

Prevention of Defects:-

The MEAN stack is best for those who value basic code error prevention. Typescript is a framework used by Angular to avoid basic coding mistakes during the coding phase.

The long-term improvement and maintenance:-

React and Angular have been very popular. However, React is growing in popularity and hiring React developers will be easier in the future.

Consider the MERN stack if you have a lot of work to do on your app, and can predict long-term maintenance requirements.

Performance:-

The MEAN stack uses Angular to update the real DOM (Document Object Model). DOM is the programming interface to HTML and XML documents.

MERN, on the other hand, uses React to update the virtual DOM. MERN allows you to code faster applications.

No framework will be able to address every business goal. To achieve your business goals, you need to do a thorough study of each feature and match it with the development requirements.

Ending:-

It is difficult to decide between MEAN stack or MERN stack due to their close competition. Both technologies offer best-in-class functionality. To create a dynamic app, choose MEAN stack or MERN stack depending on your business needs. The feasible solution for you is talking with technical experts from an experienced Mobile app development like Soft Suave.

They can conduct a complete analysis of your business requirements and help you devise a better App development plan.

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