Information on Healthy Pomegranate Cultivation In India

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Information on Healthy Pomegranate Cultivation In India

Pomegranate is cultivated as a fruit, and the amount of juice is found in this fruits is used to make many edible things. Pomegranate is a delicious fruit in which the highest amount of carbohydrates, fiber, protein and vitamins is found. Consumption of pomegranate is very beneficial for the human body, and it increases the amount of blood in the human body more rapidly. By using its fresh fruits, the long disease of constipation can also be removed, due to which the demand for pomegranate remains high in the markets. Many types of conditions can be avoided by consuming pomegranates. Its seeds and skins are also used in making Ayurvedic medicines.

Consuming pomegranate in old age reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. In India, pomegranate is produced on a large scale in states like Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Karnataka and Gujarat.

Soil and Temperature Requirement

Light land with proper drainage is required for the cultivation of pomegranate. Apart from this, sandy loam soil is also suitable for pomegranate cultivation. The value should be between 6.5 to 7.5. The Pomegranate plant is of sub-tropical climate. Pomegranate cultivation gives a high yield in a dry environment. Its plants grow well in high heat, and its cultivation should not be done in a climate with more winter and moisture. In a moist environment, its plants get affected by many diseases. For better land preparation Swaraj 855 tractor model is best. 

A slightly higher temperature is required in its cultivation. Its plants are easy to grow in high temperatures, but they need an average temperature when transplanting. Plants then require higher temperatures to develop and produce fruit. More sweetness increases in its fruits at high temperatures, and the colour is also attractive.

Preparation and Fertilizer

The pomegranate tree, once grown, gives yield for many years. Therefore, the field is prepared well before its cultivation. For this, the first deep ploughing of the area is done with soil turning ploughs. Due to this, the remains of the old crop present in the field are destroyed.

After preparing the pits, 10 to 15 kg of organic manure and NPK in the form of chemical fertilizer. The appropriate amount of 250 GM is mixed well in the soil and fill in the pits. After this, light irrigation is given to all the holes. Due to irrigation, the ground becomes hard by sitting correctly in the pits. Therefore, higher yields are obtained by using chemical fertilizers. 

Prepare Pomegranate Seedlings

Pomegranate plants are planted in the form of seedlings. For this, the seeds are prepared in the nursery. It is considered reasonable to prepare its plants by pen method, the plant designed by cutting starts giving yield in three years. Its cuttings can be prepared in many ways. The wood grafting method, grafting, goofy tying and pen methods are used.

Proper time and way to plant pomegranate plants

Pomegranate plants are planted in the form of seedlings. The rainy season is considered best for transplanting plants. Due to this, the plant develops well. Pomegranate plants need good nutrition and a proper climate in the beginning. Due to this, the growth of the plant is also good. In irrigated places, transplanting of its plants can be done even before the rainy season.

Before planting pomegranate plants in the field, they are treated with chlorpyrifos powder. After this, a small pit is prepared in the prepared holes before planting the plants. After this, by growing plants in these pits, cover them well with soil on all sides.

Irrigation

Pomegranate plants require more irrigation. If its plants have been planted in the rainy season, its first irrigation has to be done within 4 to 5 days. Apart from this, if its plants have been produced before the rainy season, they require immediate irrigation after the rainy season. Water the plants at an interval of 10 to 15 days.

When its plants start flowering, during that time, they have to be watered for one to one and a half months. Then, the drip method is considered most suitable for irrigation of its plants. This is because plants get a proper amount of water by irrigation done by drip method. 

Weed control 

Both natural and chemical methods can control weeds in pomegranate plants. However, its first weeding has to be done one month after transplanting. After that, its plants require three to four hoeing in a year. Due to this, a good quantity of fruits is obtained in the plants. To control weeds there is so many implements and for operating implements Swaraj 963 tractor is excellent as it comes at an affordable price range.  

Harvesting

Improved varieties of pomegranate start giving yield after 120 to 130 days. When the colour of its fruits becomes yellowish-red from above, its fruits are harvested during that time.

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