Hyperpigmentation: Treatment, Types, and Causes


Do you have a problem with black spots on your skin? Then have a look at this blog.

Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which one portion of your skin is darker than the rest. Hyperpigmentation can be caused by a variety of other circumstances. Excessive sun exposure, melasma, and skin irritation are some of the most prevalent reasons. However, some changes in skin color or texture might signal more significant skin health issues, so it’s crucial to be sure any darker patches are hyperpigmentation. For best treatment you can visit okgoodness.com and check best collection of skin care products go and checkout.

Now let’s discuss, what is Hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a darkening of the skin produced by an overabundance of melanin pigment. Melanocytes are specialized skin cells that, when exposed to sunlight, create more melanin pigment. Freckles are dark pigmentation spots caused by the uneven production of melanin. In rare situations, skin darkening can be caused by factors other than melanin. Depending on the kind and underlying cause of the hyperpigmentation, the darker spots may be little dots or cover greater portions of the skin.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are several forms of hyperpigmentation, the most common of which being,
Melasma is a dark brown skin pigmentation that appears in sun-exposed areas. Melasma can appear anywhere on the body, although it is most commonly seen on the face. Melasma can also occur after pregnancy as a result of hormonal changes. In women, it is more noticeable than in men.
Long-term exposure to the sun causes flat dark patches on the skin. Sunspots are the name for these spots. Sunspots are sometimes known as age spots or liver spots and are often harmless. These blemishes can be removed.
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation
Dark areas on the skin induced by hypomelanosis after an injury or inflammation are known as Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH). Acne, eczema, and burns have also been linked to PIH. The majority of the time, PIH fades on its own.

Patients may develop hyperpigmentation as a response to particular drugs, as a side effect of medical problems, or for a range of additional reasons in addition to these major causes.

What causes Hyperpigmentation?

While distinct forms of hyperpigmentation can occur for a variety of causes, the core cause of hyperpigmentation is the overproduction of melanin in one region of the skin relative to other places. Hyperpigmentation is more likely to appear in parts of the skin that are exposed to the sun often. Sun exposure may create an overproduction of melanin that darkens the skin, as you may have observed if you’ve ever had a sunburn or tan, so it’s no wonder that these regions are more prone to be affected by hyperpigmentation.

How is Hyperpigmentation Treated?

Because hyperpigmentation isn’t hazardous, therapy isn’t essential. However, if patients are unhappy with the look of dark patches, they can opt to seek treatment to enhance the appearance of hyperpigmentation.” The treatment choices are generally conservative, and many effective medicines are accessible over-the-counter.

Commonly recommended treatments for hyperpigmentation include:

Prescription topical medications – These topical treatments, which frequently include hydroquinone, are used to lighten black spots. These topical drugs can be useful, but they aren’t meant to be used for lengthy periods of time. Hydroquinone can cause ochronosis, which is a darkening of the skin over time.

Over-the-counter topical treatments – Topical therapies available over-the-counter – Many non-prescription topical therapies, such as those containing azelaic acid, kojic acid, vitamin C, or retinoids, can help to minimize the appearance of black spots in addition to prescription drugs. These products can help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation and prevent the formation of new dark spots when used as part of a regular skincare routine.

Corticosteroids – Corticosteroids can help reduce the appearance of dark patches on the skin produced by hyperpigmentation caused by inflammation. Because topical corticosteroids stimulate healing and can help prevent skin darkening during the healing process, they may be prescribed in conjunction with other lightening treatments.

Chemical peels – The outer layers of skin can be removed with a chemical peel, revealing healthy, fresh skin beneath. Skin tone is usually more even in the new layers of skin.

Microdermabrasion – The outer layers of skin are removed with an abrasive substance in this therapy. This, like chemical peels, exposes a more youthful and even skin tone.

Micro-needling – Micro-needling, like chemical peels and microdermabrasion, removes the outer layers of skin to improve the look of dark spots. Micro needling also causes microscopic injuries in the skin, which triggers the healing process and kickstarts collagen formation, resulting in healthier, more attractive skin.

Laser therapy – The dark region of the skin is treated with laser light. The powerful light pulses break down the pigment, enabling the body to naturally digest it.

IPL Photorejuvenation – Photorejuvenation with intense pulsed light (IPL) is a popular therapy for reducing redness and hyperpigmentation. It may be used to treat a range of skin issues. These are only a few of them,

  • Acne marks
  • Hyperpigmentation
  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Sun damage

What are the Preventions of Hyperpigmentation?

Prevention is any day better than cure. Hyperpigmentation can be prevented using the points mentioned below.

Using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30
Sunscreen should be used on a regular basis. To protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays, choose a sunscreen with a ‘wide spectrum’ (UVA and UVB) range. A sun protection factor (SPF) of 30 to 50 is suggested for optimal protection. A single day of excessive sun exposure might erase months of therapy.

The most basic technique for preventing the progression of dark spots and reducing the risk of skin problems is to wear sunscreen. The best strategy to counteract hyperpigmentation cream is to apply to sun-exposed skin on a daily basis and reapply every 2 hours.

Wearing hats or clothing that block sunlight
Wearing clothing and caps with a high UV protection factor (UPF) helps to shield the skin from the sun’s harmful rays. UPF refers to the amount of UV radiation that is blocked from reaching the skin by the clothes.

Additional sun protection may be provided by clothing covered with UV absorbents or chemical sunscreen. With time, the effectiveness of these clothing to protect the skin deteriorates.

It is more practical to wear sun-friendly clothing. The ideal choice is clothing made of tightly-woven fabric. This will allow more UV rays from the sun to be absorbed. Clothing with a lot of light-blocking will be more protective.

Avoiding the sun during day time
Stepping out throughout the day has become a challenge since the sun’s radiation has increased. To avoid skin damage, avoid exposure to the sun between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Avoiding sun exposure can be used to prevent sun-induced pigmentation.


Hyperpigmentation has become quite common in recent years as a result of excessive sun exposure. People who have black spots need not be concerned since they can be treated. The key preventative approach is to take measures by avoiding the sun and applying sunscreen.

The visible markings on a person’s face do not define them. Being secure in one’s own skin is always a viable slogan, no matter what changes a person’s skin goes through.


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