How To Do Casting Of Aluminum Alloy Ingots?

Aluminum Ingots Wholesale

Aluminum ingots are one of the most earthy elements present in different forms for industrial and non-industrial uses, and it is highly versatile and has good properties. They are widespread and easily available at any Aluminum Ingots Wholesale.

There are several technical concerns with the casting process of aluminum alloy ingots. This article will describe some typical defects in casting it, along with the causes, factors, and solutions.

What is an aluminum ingot?

An ingot is a pure metal piece like aluminum, and it comes in various sizes manufacturers mold them as per the users’ requirements. Ingots for molding are pure, strong, long-lasting, and sturdy. Finding the best suppliers of aluminum ingots is crucial if you use this form in your production process.

A bar with an upward narrowing is called an aluminum ingot, with horizontally molding material through an open top.

Usually, its production uses cutting-edge machinery, and the melt cleans removes any slag forms from the final ingot and produces high-quality goods. The manufactured nugget weighs 7.5 to 8.5 kilograms.

After proper processing, ingots of pure aluminum or aluminum alloy make pipes, sheets, hexagon drives, and other rolling items. In addition to other uses, rolled metal into construction framework and building supplies.

Aside from this, Aluminum Ingots Wholesale uses in the building, shipbuilding, aviation, electrical, automotive, and food industries.

Basics of Casting Aluminum Alloy Ingots | Casting Errors in Aluminum Ingots

  1. The ingot’s surface is uneven, with numerous cracks and honeycomb holes.

During solidification, its silicone content reaches 12%, dues to which the crystallization temperature narrows down. It causes shrinkage at the top of the ingot.

This phenomenon is unique to high crystalline aluminum alloys, and the ADC12 alloy in particular. however, the Cracking will not occur when the silicon content is less than 10.5%.

– The vibration of the conveyor belt causes honeycomb holes because it increases the solidification of the alloy liquid, which is a function of external forces and has no effect on the internal quality. The alloy liquid shrinks and becomes more porous as a result.

– It is strongly linked to the ratio of raw to cooked raw materials.

  1. Die casting is challenging because of the poor fluidity of a molten liquid.

Any metal that melts into liquid produces sediment, resulting in metals of varying heights, strongly tied to raw materials’ purity. The aluminum-silicon alloy then adds 10% silicon. The raw metal silicon introduces impurities such as calcium (CA) and iron (FE) and enhances pollutants such as calcium oxide and ferrous oxide. When the temperature increases, most metal and non-metal chemicals in the bottom of the pot do not function. The spectroscopic test reveals that the parts are absent from the sample and are not for making castings parts. As a result, we should focus on:

  • When the aluminum alloy ingot melts from the liquid, the bottom material segregates and separates; it doesn’t combine into the soup to cast the ingot.
  • In the die casting process, each aluminum soup crucible cleans the material at the bottom of the pot and the furnace while pouring to a specified residual quantity. It is not allowed to continuously add filling risers, waste castings, and flash aluminum chips during the pouring process. Also, sediment at the bottom of the pot slowly builds up until it eventually forms a pot of sticky, paste-like aluminum soup that loses fluidity and is extremely difficult to clean. It frequently occurs to much domestic use.
  1. It is easy to attach the mold, and the demolding is not smooth.

– The casting cannot smoothly glide out of the mold cavity because the quality of the release agent chosen is poor, such as water agent, which releases graphite agent.

– The alloy has a higher impurity content than is acceptable.

– The demolding slope is too small, resulting in a rough one.

– The old mold has too many cracks, which causes the mold to stick.

– Die sticking will also occur if the iron content of the alloy is too low, falling below the standard range required by the die-casting process.

  1. The aluminum ingot section contains slag, and the molten metal continuously emits golden yellow scum and black suspended particle scum.

In the melting process, emissions include a modifier, slag remover, and magnesium remover. These additives’ primary ingredients consist primarily of fluoride, nitrate, and chloride.

When these halogen alkali element compounds are released, they produce golden scum; the creation of black particle number scum is primarily due to the melting point of silicon, which is as high as 1412 °C. The primary silicon resides in the soup and floats on the liquid surface in a black suspension.

Moreover, during the melting, if the silicon doesn’t melt into a solid solution following operating norms. As a result, the slag removal procedure cannot be sloppy and must be run in keeping with the process guidelines, using carbonate, sulfate, and nitrate for flux making. Therefore, the dry slag produced by the chemical reaction may separate from the liquid aluminum.

  1. Even after strict degassing procedures, you cannot remove the gas from the molten liquid.

The solid flux and inert gas degassing methods for aluminum alloys have improved. Three different gas degassing techniques use chlorine, argon, and nitrogen in gas degassing. Hexachloroethane, carbon tetrachloride, sodium nitrate, and other non-toxic agents are used in solid flux degassing. Removing the gas (H2) from the molten aluminum is possible as long as the procedure is reasonable. The essential and fundamental for degassing flux is the absence of gas content. Gas in this context refers to water’s hydrogen (H2) (H2O).

As a result, degassing flux has strict gas content restrictions, and dehydration treatment performs during generation. Even after refluxing, the gas doesn’t eliminate occasionally, which is frequently due to the degassing agent’s poor quality. For instance, the degassing agent’s moisture content is too high, and it has been in place for too long, the flooding damage is not recent, and so forth.

  1. The nozzle cracks during mold opening.

– When opening the mold, the length of the ejector rod is variable, and the mold’s design and production are illogical.

– The ejection position’s unreasonable design.

– The raw materials are too soft and brittle.

  1. During post-treatment (polishing, finishing, and drilling), the casting becomes brittle and is susceptible to breaking.

– Aluminum silicon alloy is a brittle, easily fractured material with a high silicon component.

– Overheating the alloy liquid or excessive heat preservation and storage of the liquid can also result in embrittlement and cracking.

  1. The casting confluence cannot be fused, and visible boundary markings remain.

– Low alloy liquid temperature, low die temperature, and poor alloy liquid fluidity can all contribute to this fault. The leading cause is the inability to merge the two liquid streams.

– The slow rate of filling.

– It causes an unreasonable mold design and an incorrect distribution placement for the overflow tank.

– Low specific pressure; Since each casting has a unique structure and size, the proper casting procedure should develop following the actual object.


Aluminum Ingots Wholesale are available in the market and they are pure, strong, long-lasting, and sturdy. above you can see some of the procedures of continuous casting techniques. Compared to alternative methods of processing multilayer composite ingots, manufacturing multilayer composite plates using these procedures is more effective and cost-effective. These methods make the ingot more reliable.


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